Thursday, January 24, 2013

Longhorn Cowfish

Longhorn Cowfish | Longhorn Cowfish, Lactoria cornuta, is a lot of Ostraciidae boxfish family, recognizable by its long horns that protrude from the front of the head, and as a cow or bull. They are located in the Indo-Pacific Ocean and can grow up to 20 cm in length. Although poorly suited to an aquarium at home, Cowfish is becoming increasingly popular as a pet.
Adults are reef fish, often solitary and territorial, living around the sand or debris on the bottom to a depth of 50 meters. They are omnivorous, feeding on benthic algae, and foraminifera of various microorganisms that strains from the sediments, sponges, polychaete worms from sand flats, molluscs, crustaceans and small fish, small, able to feed on benthic invertebrates by blowing a stream of water at the sandy bottom.
There is no known sexual dimorphism, so both men and women display yellow to olive base color, which is decorated with white spots or bluish. Paired courtship just before or after sunset. Eggs and larvae are pelagic.
One difference from the other fish is the lack of gill cover, which is replaced by a small gap or otwór.Sześciokątne plate as the fish scales are linked together in a solid, triangular, box-like carapace, from which the fins and tail protrude. Their unique way of swimming pool ostraciform called, makes it look as if they floated. They have no pelvic skeleton, so they lack pelvic fins. Are slow swimmers Cowfish easily caught by hand, grunting noise when captured. This is the most familiar species Cowfish aquarium trade.
If you are seriously stressed, this species may be able to secrete a deadly toxin, ostracitoxin and ichthyotoxic, hemolytic, heat-stable and not dialyzable, no toxic proteins in the mucous secretions of the skin. This is apparently unique among known fish poisons, are toxic to boxfish and resembles red tide and sea cucumber toxins in general properties.

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